DIAGNOSTIC ULTRASOUND IMAGING
Common reasons for kidney ultrasound are to look for causes of flank pain and renal colic which may include kidney stones, kidney disease, urinary blockage, or blockage kidney of blood flow.
Common reasons for abdominal ultrasound are to look for causes of abdominal pain. Various causes of abdominal pain include gallstones, cholecystitis, appendicitis, hernias, masses, and enlargement of the liver and spleen as well as the abdominal aorta. Abdominal ultrasound can be used to evaluate jaundice and abnormal liver laboratory results.
THYROID ULTRASOUND/PARATHYROID ULTRASOUND
Common reasons for thyroid/parathyroid ultrasound are to determine the size of the thyroid and parathyroid and identify any nodules or cysts within the gland. Ultrasound is done to evaluate high risk patients for thyroid cancer. Additional reasons for diagnostic ultrasound examination are to evaluate the location and characteristics of palpable neck masses and evaluation of parathyroid abnormalities in patients with hyperparathyroidism. Diagnostic ultrasound examination is also done to evaluate reasons for abnormal laboratory results. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland at the front of the neck below the Adam's apple. The thyroid produces hormones that controls the metabolism of the heart, liver, muscles, and other organs.
Common reasons for prostate ultrasound are to look for causes of pelvic pain as well as diagnostic evaluation for prostate cancer, benign prostatic enlargement, prostatitis, prostatic abscesses, and male infertility. Gray scale, color Doppler, and power Doppler may be used. Diagnostic ultrasound is also useful in measuring the size of the prostate gland and determining the prostate volume. Trans-abdominal ultrasound with a full bladder is useful for a panoramic view of the prostate and surrounding structures. Transrectal prostate ultrasound may also be done if necessary.
Common reasons for scrotum ultrasound are to look for causes of pain or swelling as well undescended testis and causes of infertility. There is no pain involve with scrotum ultrasound.
Common reasons for bladder ultrasound are to look for causes of bladder pain and pelvic pain, evaluation of bladder masses, hematuria, incontinence, bladder diverticulum, bladder cancer, and calculation of post-void bladder volume.
The bladder is filled and thoroughly examined in and longitudinal dimensions. There is no pain bladder ultrasound examination. Transabdominal of the bladder is done with a full bladder.
ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM ULTRASOUND
Use of abdominal aortic aneurysm ultrasound is done as a diagnostic examination or screening examination. Common reasons for this study are evaluation of palpable or pulsatile abdominal masses, unexplained flank pain, abdominal pain or back pain.
Screening is done for abdominal aortic aneurysm for men older than 65 and women older than 65 with cardiac risk factors or patients older than 50 years old with a family history of abdominal aortic aneurysm and patients with a history of peripheral vascular aneurysm.
Color Doppler and spectral imaging with waveform are also used for evaluation of the abdominal aorta.
PERIPHERAL VENOUS ULTRASOUND
Peripheral venous ultrasound is indicated for evaluation of leg pain, as well as possible venous thromboembolic disease or venous blockage as well as assessment of venous insufficiency and varicose veins.
Color and spectral Doppler will be used in this evaluation.
PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL ULTRASOUND
Peripheral arterial ultrasound is indicated for the evaluation of leg pain, detection of blockages and stenosis, as well as aneurysms. Peripheral arterial ultrasound can identify calcified and non-calcified atherosclerotic plaques within the arteries and determine if there is significant stenosis.
Color and spectral Doppler evaluations are done. There is no pain associated with these examinations
Cornmon reasons for musculoskeletal ultrasound are to look for causes of joint and muscle pain, evaluation of soft tissue lumps, joint swelling and effusion, evaluation of nerve masses, nerve entrapment, carpal tunnel syndrome, and detection of foreign bodies.